A survey of attitudes toward Jews in over 100 countries around the world
The Anti-Defamation League commissioned First International Resources to research attitudes and opinions toward Jews in over 100 countries around the world. Fieldwork and data collection for this global public opinion project were conducted and coordinated by Anzalone Liszt Grove Research. All interviews were conducted between July 2013 and February 2014.
This study, known as the ADL GLOBAL 100, consists of surveys of the general public in each of the following 101 countries plus the Palestinian Territories in the West Bank & Gaza.
The data is a result of 53,100 total interviews among citizens aged 18 and over, across 101 countries and the West Bank & Gaza. Expected margin of sampling error for the weighted global average is +0.97%, for the countries/territories surveyed with n=500 interviews it is +4.4% and for countries sampled with n=1,000 interviews it is +3.2%. The margin of error is higher for sub-groups within each geography.
Interviews were conducted via landline telephones, mobile phones and face-to-face discussions in 96 languages (including many dialects and pidgin/creole versions).
All respondents were selected at random. Telephone respondents were selected using random-digit dial sampling; face-to-face respondents were selected using geographically stratified, randomly-selected sampling points in each country, and, at the household level using a Kish grid.
Telephone interviewing was only conducted in countries where the combined mobile phone + landline penetration exceeded 90%. In all countries where telephone dialing was conducted, interviews were collected using a combination of landline and mobile phone dialing, in proportion to that particular country's coverage rate for each telephone type.
Within each country, the data was weighted to be reflective of the national population on a number of demographic measures, including age, gender, religion, urban/rural location, ethnicity, and language spoken.
In an overwhelming majority of the countries/territories polled, the samples are fully nationally representative. However, in some countries (China, India, Ghana, Indonesia, Nigeria, Bangladesh, Laos, Malaysia, Mauritius, Uganda, and Vietnam), due to security concerns or extreme logistical challenges, national coverage was not complete. In those situations, sampling points were selected and the data was weighted to ensure the country's interviews were reflective of the national population on key demographic measures other than geography.
For regional and global averages, the data was weighted so that each country's interviews were represented proportionately to that country's adult population.
The source for population data was the UN Department of Social and Economic Affairs - Population Division.
For the purposes of this study, countries denoted with an asterisk (*) on the following chart are considered to have a "larger" Jewish population and respondents within those countries were asked an additional battery of questions related to the local treatment of Jews. These countries have an estimated Jewish population that is greater than 10,000, or more than 0.1% of the overall population, or constitute a country where ADL has surveyed in the past. Estimates of Jewish population were sourced from: Sergio Della Pergola, World Jewish Population, 2012.
Since 1964, the Anti-Defamation League has conducted a series of public opinion surveys in the United States to measure levels of anti-Semitism. An index comprised of 11 questions was developed by researchers at the University of California to be used in these public opinion surveys to provide an analytical tool for identifying respondents who harbor anti-Semitic attitudes and for measuring general acceptance of various negative Jewish stereotypes.
Now, for the first time, the Anti-Defamation League has begun to employ a modified version of that original index of 11 questions for use in a 100+ country global public opinion survey aimed at gauging levels of anti-Semitic attitudes and adherence to traditional anti-Semitic stereotypes across the world.
Before answering the index questions, survey respondents were read the following statement: "I am now going to read out a series of statements, some of them you may think are true and some of them you may think are false. Please say which ones you think are probably true and which ones you think are probably false."
As with previous public opinion research conducted by ADL in the United States, survey respondents who said at least 6 out of the 11 statements are "probably true" are considered to harbor anti-Semitic attitudes. The Index Score for each country represents the percentage of adults in that specific country who answered "probably true" to a majority of the anti-Semitic stereotypes tested.The following are the eleven statements that constitute the ADL GLOBAL 100 anti-Semitism index:
Jews are more loyal to Israel than to [this country/the countries they live in]*
Jews have too much power in international financial markets
Jews have too much control over global affairs
Jews think they are better than other people
Jews have too much control over the global media
Jews are responsible for most of the world's wars
Jews have too much power in the business world
Jews don't care what happens to anyone but their own kind
People hate Jews because of the way Jews behave
Jews have too much control over the United States government
Jews still talk too much about what happened to them in the Holocaust
Country-specific figures of the number of people who harbor anti-Semitic views are rounded estimates derived from the country's Index Score multiplied by its estimated adult population. These figures are subject to the same margin of sampling error as the country's survey results.
Regional figures of people harboring anti-Semitic views are rounded estimates derived by adding the total number of adults harboring such views within each of the geographies surveyed in a given region. World figures are derived by conducting the same calculation for all countries and territories surveyed. The country totals may not exactly add up to the overall regional and world totals due to the rounding process. These estimates are subject to the same margin of sampling error outlined in this methodology report.
For the Index Score and for the individual index statements, data is broken out by age and gender within countries. Data by religion is also included in countries where more than n=80 interviews were collected among respondents from more than one religious group.
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